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2018年江苏自学考试英语(二)考前温习要点笔记(1)

2019-05-15 10:50:55   来历:vwin    点击:   作者:傅教师   
  下面是由vwin收拾的2018年江苏自学考试英语(二)考前温习要点笔记,想了解更多关于江苏自考信息,可重视vwin


  1.主谓共同的三条准则

  (1)语法共同,即在语法方式上获得共同。

  Human beings enjoy learning.

  Everybody’s understanding is incomplete.
 

  (2)含义共同,即根据含义来处理共同联络。

  The people there are fighting for the independence of their country.

  Ten dollars was a lot of money at that time.
 

  (3)就近准则,即谓语动词的单、复数方式取决于最靠近它的词语。

  There is a pen,two pencils and an eraser in the pencil box.

  Neither the boy nor his teachers know the answer.
 

  2.团体名词作主语时与动词的共同
 

  (1)当主语为furniture,equipment,machinery等词时,谓语动词通常用奇数。

  The furniture in that shop is all made in China.

  Office equipment is very expensive nowadays.
 

  (2)团体名词如people,cattle,police,poultry等往往作复数用。

  Some people drive madly in this country.

  Many cattle have died because of the flood.
 

  (3)family,government,class,committee,audience,team,public等词被视作一个全体时,这以后的动词用奇数;被视为构成全体的个别时,这以后的动词则为复数。

  His family is a happy one.

  His family are all interested in stampcollecting
 

  3.并排主语与动词的共同
 

  (1)当“名词+名词”表明一种事物时,用奇数方式。

  Bacon and eggs is a very popular British breakfast.
 

  (2)当主语是由and,both...and衔接的并排结构时,假如主语所指的不是一种事物,动词则用复数方式。

  Jack and Mary are in love with each other.

  Both Tom and John are absent today.
 

  (3)在由or 或 nor 衔接的并排结构中,动词单、复数方式一般与or 或 nor 后边的名词或代词保持共同。

  He or his brothers are to blame for this.

  Neither she nor you are mistaken.
 

  (4)not only...but also 衔接的结构作主语时,动词的单、复数方式根据 but also 后的名词或代词。

  Not only Fred but also his parents love this small pet dog.

  Not only the boys but also their mother is very ill.

  SubjectVerb Agreement(Ⅱ)

 

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